Winter fruit trees plant protection
Winter is the good chance to do plant protection and eliminate the harmful insects. To enhance the plant protection can reduce the chance of winter damage to the fruit trees. It will bring the next year harvest.
In the winter, all the fruit trees harmful insects are sleeping, the illness and harmful insects will be alive after the winter. But the amount is limited and not very active, usually the harmful insects staying together during the winter. It is a good chance for the farm owners to eliminate them during the winter. This will become the good foundation and preparation for next year harvest.
Tied up. before the winter tied the dry grass on the trees, the insects will go into the dry grass and make nest inside it. During the winter grab these dry grass and burn it out will kill all the insects and their eggs.
Rolling. Rolling the top soil beside the fruit trees, the insects under the soil will be flip out and been killed by dry and cold. this will significantly good for the fruit trees. usually rolling deep to 30-40 cm. close to the date that soil become frozen. So that the insects cannot return to the soil for the winter.
Skinning. There was a old saying goes: good pears from the trees that been skinning. it is because many harmful insects and illness are hiding in the trees. During the winter clean up the tree skin will eliminate these illnes and harmful insects. It is been prove that skin cleaning should be exeacuate at the end of autumn. So that the insects will be killed before winter.
4 important notices about skinning:
1, skinning before spring start
2, not only clean up the base, but also the branches
3, for small trees and weak trees do not clean too deep, for the strong trees and big trees can clean to deeper.
4, place plastic bag under the trees to take the skined stuff together and burn.
Cleaning. Clean the leaves and branches on the top soil, usually the insects and illness are hiding in these place during the winter. So the farm owners should clean the leaves, grass, weed, fruits on the ground. take these stuff together and burn it out.
Cutting. Cut the branches, bushes with illness or insects during the winter and burn them. Also the old branches that grow ages will cover the hiding insects and illness, should clean them up. the cutting surface needs to paint the protection chemicals on it.
Spraying. Usually doing spray after the cutting process, and before the spring growing. use 3%-5% Stone sulfur mixture to spray. it can protect the cutting surface and branches, can also kill the insects.
Painting. Paint the trees body to white can reduce the chance of been burn by the sun or been kill by the cold. Delay the growing and flower period. painting formula: 10 parts of quick lime, 2 parts of stone sulfur mixture, 1 ~ 2 parts of salt, 36 ~ 40 parts of water. can also add some pesticide in it. The first paint should be before the soil become frozen, the second paint should be in the early spring. Paint the main body and main branchs of trees. the sun-facing side should be paint. Be ware of not to paint on bud.